A surveying crew will come out and survey the property, in this stage they will provide benchmark points, property lines, and critical points to maintain. Also, utility companies will come out and mark any underground lines that may be running through your property.
2. Dirtwork & Underground Utilities
This is also known as the “ground breaking”. Crews will come in and begin stripping vegitation and prepping the dirt for slab work & roughly grading the site. This is also the stage where trades come in and install your underground utilities that service your house, and any sort of piping that will run under your slab, such as your sanitary drains.
3. Forming & Pouring The Slab
After all the underground work is complete, the concrete contractor will begin his work. He will dig out where the slab is to be poured and provide any select fill if needed. His crew will then form the slab and install rebar or post tentioning cables before the slab is poured.
4. Exterior Block Walls & Interior Framing
Once the slab has been poured, the framers are released to begin framing the walls. They begin by laying out the floorplan on the slab to achieve the proper measurements, this is followed by constructing and raising the interior & exterior walls. If it is a two story, they will continue to the second story by installing floor trusses and decking on the second story.
5. Framing of Roof Trusses
Once all the walls are complete, they will begin standing or constructing trusses. The trusses can either be pre manufactured or stick built on site, each have their advantages and disadvantages, but serve the same purpose.
6. Exterior Sheathing, Decking & Roofing
Once the trusses are in, the framers will continue by installing sheathing on the exterior walls, followed shortly by the decking on the roof. Once the decking is installed the roofing contractor will then install the roof system of choice. After this phase, the building is now “dried-in”. Also, at this point, the homes structure should be 100% established and all temporary shoring and bracing can be removed.
7. Install Windows
After the roof, decking, & sheathing are installed, the windows can be installed.
8. Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing Rough-in
All of this starts once the building is dried in, it can happen before the windows are installed, but usually occurs at the same time. This is the phase where all the in-wall and ceiling wire, pipes, ducts, electrical boxes, etc.. are installed before sheetrock goes up.
9. Install Masonry & Siding
This can run concurrently with the interior rough-in, and even during the sheetrocking phases. Before any exterior protection goes on, a vapor barrier is installed over the sheathing to provide water-proofing.
10. Sheetrock Walls
All the in-wall and above ceiling items are installed and inspected, insulation is installed in the walls, it is time to sheet-rock and cover those bare studs.
11. Install Exterior & Interior Doors & Complete Building Envelope
With sheet-rock and the exterior fascia and siding complete, all the door frames are now put in. Once this is done, the building envelope is complete with caulking and sealants and water tight assemblies to ensure your home is moisture free for its entirety. A good contractor will sit down and review all of these details first with the architect, then with you.
12. Install Trim & Millwork
The sheetrock is installed, door frames are in, it is time to install the trim and finish millwork, including your cabinets and any other built in shelving or features in your home.
13. Tape & Bed, Texture, & Paint
This is also dubbed the finishing stage. All of your sheetrock joints are taped and mudded over with joint compound, and all gaps are caulked tight. Any texture or finish is applied, followed by the final paint.
14. Install Flooring
Usually one of the last items, the flooring goes in after the base is installed and everything else is pretty much finished, you can install it at an earlier stage but it is uaually held off mainly due to dirty footprints being tracked in the house and the possibility of ruining new flooring.
15. Mechanical, Electrical & Plumbing Trim out
This is ready to begin when all of your finishes are done, most of these go on top of the finishes and the “trim” products are premanufactured with their own finished which is specified when ordering. These include light switches and fixtures, HVAC diffusers, sink faucets and drain connections, etc…
16. Final Grading and Site Paving
This stage can happen almost immediately after the framing is done, but is held off due to the workers being in the way of others trying to build and to prevent damages to the newly paved surfaces. This includes your driveway, walkways, and patios. The final grading will be done to achieve proper drainage away from the slab & towards the street or other specified runoff destinations and include any landscaping features as well.
17. Landscaping & Irrigation
This is done after the rough final grade has been achieved and the area surrounding the house is sloped and draining properly. The landscapers will trench and bury and underground irrigation lines that are included, and then finish off the area with grass, shrubs, trees, flower beds, etc…
18. Final Clean
This takes place after the house is 100% complete. A cleaning crew will come in and c lean up and mess or dust left from construction and prepare the house to be turned over to the owner.